About ARTNeT

Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade

The Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT) is an open regional network composed of leading trade research institutions and think-tanks across the Asia-Pacific region. It was established by ESCAP in 2004 with the support of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada.

ARTNET in numbers:

  • Issued a total of 16 research-based books, 158 working papers, and 58 policy briefs and alerts
  • Held more than 60 workshops with more than 1500 individuals in attendance
  • 66 member institutions across 24 countries, 10 associate partners, 6 core partners and 8 collaborators
  • Now reaches a community of more than 1,000 individuals including researchers, policymakers, government officials and other key stakeholders
  • Provides free access to more than 2700 on-line publications on relevant topics

In the words of our participants and beneficiaries:

"I highly value the role of ARTNeT in enhancing my empirical research capabilities, I am proud to have been associated with ARTNeT, and look forward to contributing to this network, where possible, in the future." – Nepal
"I am regular recipient of ARTNeT papers and am continually amazed by the volume and quality of your output." - Canada (Think Tank)


ARTNeT aims to increase the quality and the amount of relevant trade research in the region by more effectively harnessing the research capacity already available and developing additional capabilities. It was formed in response to regional demand for increased capacity to address obstacles to the development of trade and investment in the region, such as limited trade-related research capacity, weak and ineffective communication between policy makers and researchers, and a lack of integration of trade and investment policies in national development strategies.

ARTNeT research is disseminated by various means including a dedicated website, social media, and regular publications. More importantly, ARTNeT's thematic multi-stakeholder consultative meetings provide research institutions and policymakers with an opportunity to exchange information and data, share ideas, and review and refine research findings and recommendations.

The activities of ARTNeT are focused on three pillars, namely:

Production of demand-driven and home-grown research on trade-related policy issues

Since its first publication in early 2005, ARTNeT has issued a total of 15 research-based books, 158 working papers, and 58 policy briefs and alerts. Recent working papers have focused on: non-tariff measures in ASEAN; the impacts of export processing zones on poverty reduction; and trade facilitation for small and medium enterprises. ARTNeT research outputs feed into regional policy debates and are reprinted in journals and technical reports.

Building of research capacity, particularly that of institutions in LDCs:

ARTNeT holds workshops to increase understanding on relevant policy issues and empirical tools for trade analysis. Moreover, ARTNeT builds and supports new datasets and research tools. Since 2005, more than 60 workshops have been held with more than 1500 individuals having received training. In collaboration with the WTO research division and other partners, ARTNeT has held 9 regional research capacity building workshops that also involved post-workshop mentoring and resulted in successful “learning by doing” and published research outputs including through post-workshop grants. The series of training sessions on use of gravity and CGE modelling are the most popular with reserachers.

Dissemination of knowledge and information to key stakeholders:

ARTNeT research is efficiently disseminated by various means including a dedicated website facilitating more 300,000 publication downloads in 200? alone, social media, and regular publications. More importantly, ARTNeT’s thematic multi-stakeholder consultative meetings provide research institutions and policymakers with an opportunity to exchange information and data, share ideas, and review and refine research findings and recommendations.

ARTNeT’s Primary Means of Dissemination include:

  • Policy Briefs
  • Working Papers
  • Books and Research Reports
  • Book Reviews
  • Newsletters
  • Database of Trade Publications

Network structure:

ARTNeT is an open network of research and academic institutions with a strong interest in trade and investment policy and facilitation issues. Institutions involved in the network are classified as ARTNeT members, associate members, and core partners. Please consult the ARTNeT membership guidelines or the list of members for more information. ESCAP Trade and Investment Division, serves as the ARTNeT Secretariat. The ARTNeT Multi-Stakeholder Steering Committee (MSC) and Institutional Advisory Board (IAB) provide guidance and advice to the Secretariat during implementation [See Terms of Reference and composition of the MSC and the IAB]. Government focal points to ARTNeT [Terms of reference; List of focal points] facilitate collaboration between research institutions and Governments and ensure that that the ARTNeT research programme remains relevant to developing countries of the region. ESCAP, as an intergovernmental body and the regional branch of the United Nations in Asia-Pacific, provides the link between research institutions and policy makers at the regional level, through its well established communication and dissemination system, existing partnerships with organizations such as UNDP, WTO and UNCTAD (among others), and its experience in conducting and leading research and capacity building projects throughout the region using universally recognized principles of neutrality embodied in the UN rules.

ARTNeT Research Programme Phase I (2005- 2007)

The Third ARTNeT Consultative Meeting held in Macao, China on 1-2 November 2006 decided to consolidate the research efforts undertaken during the previous two years and to support follow-up studies on the thematic study on trade facilitation and the regional studies on agriculture and services trade liberalization. In addition, an exploratory regional study on trade and investment was approved, culminating with an expert group meeting on designing better and more coherent trade and investment policies in developing countries.

Previously, an updated ARTNeT research programme was approved during the Second ARTNeT Consultative Meeting held in Macao, China, on 6-7 October 2005. The Meeting decided to continue the thematic study on trade facilitation and to begin a new regional study on trade liberalization in services. Research during this period focused on trade facilitation beyond the negotiations, in particular:

  • Trade facilitation and regional integration;
  • Customs valuation and implementation of the related WTO agreement;
  • Trade facilitation and logistics services liberalization

ARTNeT Research Programme Phase II (2008-2010)

Following consultations with ARTNeT Steering Committee Members and taking into account the results of the Research Priority Survey conducted in October 2008, two regional studies were initiated in 2009 under the research theme: Trade and Investment Related Policy Coherence for Inclusive and Sustainable Development. In addition, a number of short-term studies were supported to complement the regional studies initiated in 2007 and to explore the impact of behind the border policies on trade and investment. Research on other important issues, including in particular, Aid for Trade and Rules of Origin was encouraged. The multi-stakeholder steering committee endorsed the launch of a new regional study on Improving Import-Export Processes and Procedures in Asia.

Based on the recommendations of the regional consultation held in preparation for ARTNeT Phase II held on 16 July 2007, as well as various consultations and feedback received during the year from policy makers and other stakeholders during the year, ARTNeT Phase II (2008-10) research focused on three priority themes:

  • Trade, investment and domestic policy coherence;
  • Trade facilitation and development of related services;
  • Multilateral trade liberalization and regional integration.

ARTNeT Research Programme Phase III (2011-2013)

Economic Diversification and Competitiveness

Research focus for Phase III: Drivers of Competitiveness and Strategies for Economic Diversification for Developing Countries Specific topics for studies under this theme include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Identifying and supporting the development of new and dynamic sectors: Much work remains to be done on determining products and firms with a comparative / competitive advantage, in particular in light of the changed global economic outlook and consumption patterns. a. Where a country already exports a product to the world but does not have a significant share in a particular market, firms may be restricted by the existence of Non-Tariff Measures or the lack of a preferential trading regime to fully reach their export potential. Policymakers can benefit from research to guide their negotiation and regulation strategies. b. Similarly, a high volume of imports of a product by a country suggest that there is strong demand and that economies of scale would exist if the country were able to manufacture the product themselves. One strategy in this connection is for the country to seek to attract FDI inflows for these sectors, in particular relating to innovative production using advanced technology and research & development.
  • Dynamics of firm, especially SMEs’ entry and exit and their impact on job creation: The importance of firm entry and exit as determinants of market performance is well recognized. Despite this wide recognition, the actual patterns of firm entry and exit in the region’s economies are not well understood and warrant further study, including through firm level primary data collection. In addition, recent studies suggest that the vulnerability of employment and high rate of employment in the informal sectors in many countries in Asia and the Pacific contribute to the high savings rate in Asia and the lack of national consumption. Further research is required to assess the quality of jobs created for example in the ready-made-garment sectors to determine the linkages between export, labour and social policies and to optimize policymaking. • Innovation, technology and competitiveness: Some studies suggest that while many Asian economies have increased their overall level of exports over the past decade, this increase is due to a very large extent to the increase in total world trade, whereas their competitiveness in world markets remained stagnant or declined. There is broad consensus over the fact that countries must increase both productivity and skill/technology content to “move up the value chain” and ensure long-term competitiveness and growth. More research is required to determine how policymakers can promote firms’ investment in skill and technology upgrades in their production processes which will ensure higher returns in the future.
  • Economic diversification and low-carbon growth: The increasing global attention and funding invested in climate change mitigation and adaptation provides an opportunity for developing countries to invest away from “dirty” sectors (such as logging and mining of certain raw materials like coal) and into cleaner sectors and thereby simultaneously achieving a broader export diversification. More research is required in particular in LDCs to identify polluting sectors, realistic alternative economic sectors, and sources of financing and funding to achieve a reorientation.
  • The role of developing countries’ SMEs in production networks and how to increase their job-creating potential: It is well understood that the “factory Asia” phenomenon is based to a large extent on regional and global value chains. What is less well examined is the extent to which these value chains are dominated by multinational corporation networks, national corporations and/or SMEs, and on what basis they trade (arm’s length principle or intra-corporate). Furthermore, what is the impact of this composition on both margins and on the quality and quantity of jobs? Case studies of key products’ value chains could provide insights into these questions, as well as explore the differentiated gender impacts of value chains (both those dominated by multinationals and by national companies) on employment opportunities and wages. ILO has pioneered the research in the area of the gender implications of value chains, and much more research in the area is needed. • Balancing sources of growth: The growth of many developing countries over the past few decades, including the Asian Tigers and China, has demonstrated the impressive impact that increased exports can have on overall growth and poverty-reduction. What is less well understood is what policies maximize the trickle-down effect of export-led growth. Should policymakers focus on promoting the creation of decent jobs (including through standard-setting such as minimum wage and labour standards laws), or should they focus on maximizing their market share abroad to increase government revenues and then implement redistributive policies?
  • Development of new theoretical frameworks for empirical study of determinants of economic diversification: While a significant amount of research has been conducted over decades in the area of determinants of diversification, new innovative research is needed in particular to adequately address the circumstances of least developed countries, whose circumstances may not adequately be addressed by “classical” trade theories.

ARTNeT researchers have also been given opportunity to collaborate in implementation of the ESCAP project “Trade Facilitation for Poverty Reduction: Building Capacity for the Implementation of Pro-Poor Trade Facilitation Policies and Measures in Developing Asian Countries” funded by the Government of China. The project aims to increase capacity of officials and other stakeholders in least developed and other developing countries members of ESCAP to implement trade facilitation measures contributing to poverty reduction.

A regional study under topic “Trade Facilitation for Poverty Reduction in Developing Asian Countries” was initiated at a consultative research meeting in March 2012 and seven papers have been selected covering Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The purpose of the regional study is to provide in-depth analysis of experiences in implementation of trade facilitation measures contributing to poverty reduction.

ARTNeT Research Programme Phase IV (2014-)

Supporting Equitable Economic development in ASEAN: Impact of regional integration (AEC) on Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam (CLMV countries)

Phase IV began in 2014 with a focus of expanding the partner-based and the reach of ARTNeT. In 2015 ARTNeT formalized its partnership with AFD, with whom it established a project that will contribute towards narrowing development gaps between CLMV countries and other ASEAN members. The urgency to narrow development gaps within and among ASEAN countries was also recognized by ASEAN leaders who, at the 19th ASEAN Summit held in November 2011 in Bali, Indonesia, endorsed the “ASEAN Framework for Equitable Economic Development” to facilitate the realization of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint. The project will operate through the implementation of policy-oriented research activities, research capacity development programme and knowledge-sharing initiatives. These will focus on the conduct of policy-oriented research and technical training in CLMV countries to help them follow an inclusive and sustainable development process. The objective is to strengthen the technical and analytical skills of officials and researchers from CLMV countries to manage use and assessment of the impact of 1) non-tariff measures, and 2) geographic indications in the context of trade-related intellectual property rights. The intended impact is the development of effective responses in CLMV countries in these policy areas.
The expected outcome is improved technical and analytical capability of CLMV officials in managing NTMs, including through higher readiness to share information on own NTMs through WTO notifications and AEC Trade Repository. Likewise, better understanding of the GI for promoting subregional employment and trade will be among the expected impacts.
The project utilizes the three-pillar approach of ARTNeT. ARTNeT has been focused on increasing the amount and quality of relevant trade and investment research in the region by harnessing the research capacity already available and developing additional skills through regional team research projects, enhanced research dissemination mechanisms, increased interactions between policymakers and researchers to improve transmission of knowledge and information, and specific capacity building activities catering to researchers / research institutions and policy makers especially from least developed countries.
The project will include these types of activities:

  • Research capacity development workshops
  • Research (including networking researchers in ARTNeT community of advisers and others).
  • Dissemination of research findings (publication of reports and 4 national policy briefs).
  • Dissemination event at the end of the projectDevelopment of new theoretical frameworks for empirical study of determinants of economic diversification: While a significant amount of research has been conducted over decades in the area of determinants of diversification, new innovative research is needed in particular to adequately address the circumstances of least developed countries, whose circumstances may not adequately be addressed by “classical” trade theories.

ARTNeT researchers have also been given opportunity to collaborate in implementation of the ESCAP project “Trade Facilitation for Poverty Reduction: Building Capacity for the Implementation of Pro-Poor Trade Facilitation Policies and Measures in Developing Asian Countries” funded by the Government of China. The project aims to increase capacity of officials and other stakeholders in least developed and other developing countries members of ESCAP to implement trade facilitation measures contributing to poverty reduction.

A regional study under topic “Trade Facilitation for Poverty Reduction in Developing Asian Countries” was initiated at a consultative research meeting in March 2012 and seven papers have been selected covering Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The purpose of the regional study is to provide in-depth analysis of experiences in implementation of trade facilitation measures contributing to poverty reduction.

ARTNeT advisors

Research Programme

Image Unavailable Mr. Kym Anderson is the George Gollin Professor of Economics at the University of Adelaide. During 2004-07 he was on extended leave at the World Bank’s Development Research Group as Lead Economist (Trade Policy). He also spent 1990-92 at the Research Division of the GATT (now WTO) Secretariat in Geneva. He has published around 300 articles and 40 books, including The Political Economy of Agricultural Protection (with Yujiro Hayami and others), Disarray in World Food Markets (with Rod Tyers), and Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda (with Will Martin). During 2006-09 he has been directing a large empirical research project for the World Bank on Distortions to Agricultural Incentives covering 75 countries, from which 4 regional books have appeared in 2008-09 and 3 global books will be published in 2009-10. He is also directing a research project on prospects for the world’s wine markets to 2030.

He has been a consultant to numerous national and international bureaucracies, business organizations and corporations. He is a Research Fellow of Europe's London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research, a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia, a Fellow of the American Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, a Distinguished Fellow (and former President) of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, a Fellow (and Vice-President) of the American Association of Wine Economists, and a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Company Directors. He is on the editorial board of several international academic journals, including the Journal of International Economic Law and, as Co-editor, the Journal of Wine Economics.

Image Unavailable Mr. Prema-chandra Arthukorala is Professor of Economics in Arndt-Corden Department of Economics, College of Asia and The Pacific at the Australian National University, Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (since 2003), and Honorary Professional Research Fellow at the University of Manchester (since 2012). He specializes in economics of development with a focus on international capital mobility and financial crises, structural adjustments and stabilization reforms, determinants of economic growth, multinational enterprises and international production, patterns and determinants of trade flows, and international labor migration. His publications include Trade Policy Issues in Asian Development (Rutledge, 1998), Structural Adjustment and labor Migration in East Asia (Oxford University Press). Liberalization and Industrial Adjustment: Sri Lanka in International Perspective (Oxford University Press, 2000), Saving, Investment and Growth in India (Oxford University Press, 2002), Crisis and Recovery in Malaysia: The Role of Capital Controls (Edward Elgar 2003), Multinational Enterprises in Asian Development (Edward Elgar 2007), five other books, and over 150 papers in scholarly journals and multi-author volumes. At various times he has served as a consultant to the World Bank, ADB, ILO, UNDP, UNIDO, UNCTAD, ESCAP and the Australian Agency for International Development. These assignments have resulted in work on, inter alia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Jordan and Georgia.

Image Unavailable Mr. Paul Baker Mr. Paul Baker is Chief Executive and founder of International Economics Consulting Ltd, a management consultancy firm headquartered in Mauritius, specialised in advisory services related to data analytics, market intelligence, trade and global production networks. He started his career as economist-statistician for the European Commission’s Monetary and Policy Convergence Division in Luxembourg, before heading the economic and statistics macro-economic surveillance of Latin America for the European Commission. He has since acquired over 25 years’ experience in over 60 countries, holding mission chief roles with the World Bank, UNCTAD, DFID, EU and International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO, and advisory roles for governments and private clients. He has been a member of OECD, IMF, World Bank and Regional balance of payments and trade technical committees, and led teams in carrying out impact assessments and value chain analysis. He regularly lectures on economic impact assessments, quantitative analysis, game theory, supply chain management and negotiations for master’s classes at several universities, including University of Barcelona, Vietnam National University, FGV (Brazil) and Foreign Trade University (Vietnam). He is the author of numerous books and articles on multilateral trade negotiations and recently authored “Multilateral Trade Negotiations and LLDCs: A Handbook for Negotiators and Practitioners” (ITT-UNDP, 2015); “E-Commerce and Digital Trade: Policy Guide LDCs, Small States and Sub-Saharan Africa” (Commonwealth Secretariat, 2017); “Trade Policy Framework: Botswana” (UNCTAD, 2016).

Mr. Baker obtained an MSc (Econ) from the University of London (SOAS), a Maîtrise ès Sciences Economiques in financial engineering from the University of Nantes (France), and a BA (Hons) in European Economics. He
completed executive programmes in trade policy, management and strategy
at Harvard Business School and Harvard Kennedy School of Government, and more recently, in systems engineering and big
data analytics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Image Unavailable Mr. Jagdish N. Bhagwati is Professor (Economics, Law, and International Affairs) at Columbia University and Senior Fellow for International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). He has been economic policy adviser to Arthur Dunkel, director-general of GATT (1991-93), special adviser to the UN on globalization, and external adviser to the WTO. He has served on the expert group appointed by the director-general of the WTO on the future of the WTO and the advisory committee to Secretary-General Kofi Annan on the NEPAD process in Africa, and was also a member of the Eminent Persons Group under the chairmanship of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil on the future of UNCTAD. Recently, he has been co-chair with President Halonen of Finland of the Eminent Persons Group on Developing Countries in the World Economy.

He is described as the most creative international trade theorist of his generation and is a leader in the fight for freer trade. His most recent book Why Growth Matters (PublicAffairs, 2013) has received notice in leading magazines and newspapers like The Economist, the Financial Times, Forbes, and Wall Street Journal. His earlier book, Termites in the Trading System (Oxford University Press, 2008) discusses the deleterious effects of preferential trading agreements. His previous book In Defense of Globalization (Oxford University Press, 2004) attracted worldwide acclaim. Five volumes of his scientific writings and two of his public policy essays have been published by MIT press. The recipient of six festschrifts in his honor, he has also received several prizes and seventeen honorary degrees, and awards from the governments of India (Padma Vibhushan) and Japan (Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star).

Image Unavailable Mr. Alan Deardorff is John W. Sweetland Professor of International Economics and Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the University of Michigan. He is currently serving as Associate Dean of the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Cornell University in 1971 and has been on the faculty at the University of Michigan since 1970. He is co-author, with Robert M. Stern, of The Michigan Model of World Production and Trade and Computational Analysis of Global Trading Arrangements, and he has published numerous articles on aspects of international trade theory and policy, including theories of the patterns and effects of trade and, with Professor Stern and with Drusilla K. Brown, on computable general equilibrium models of trade policy. His work on international trade theory has dealt primarily with the theory of comparative advantage and the Heckscher-Ohlin and other models that explain the patterns and effects of international trade. His work on trade policy has included analyses of anti-dumping laws, the safeguards clause of the GATT, and arguments for and against extending intellectual property protection to developing countries.

He is currently on the editorial boards of several journals, including the Journal of International Economic Law, The World Economy, and North American Journal of Economics and Finance. He has served as a consultant to the United States Departments of Commerce, Labor, State, and Treasury and to international organizations including OECD, UNCTAD, and the World Bank.

Image Unavailable Mr. Sisira Jayasuriya is Director of Centre for Development Economics and Sustainability, Professor of Economics at Monash University, Melbourne and a development economist with a focus on economic policy issues in Asia. His current research is on food security in Asia, agricultural policy reforms in India, political economy of Sri Lanka, economics of natural disasters, and trade and macroeconomic issues in Asia. His research interests cover a range of areas in policy-oriented development economics, and he has published extensively on trade, macroeconomics, resource and environmental issues of developing countries, with a primary focus on Asia. He has held previous appointments at the International Rice Research Institute (Philippines), the Australian National University, Melbourne University and La Trobe University, and has been a consultant to the Asian Development Bank, International Food Policy Research Institute, World Bank and several United Nations agencies such as ESCAP, FAO and ILO. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the Arndt-Corden Department of Economics at the Australian National University, Canberra. Prof Jayasuriya's underegraduate education was at the University of Ceylon (Peradeniya), and Masters and PhD in Economics from the Australian National University.

Image Unavailable Mr. Patrick Low is Director of Asia Global Fellows Program at University of Hong Kong. He also undertakes and leads research into global supply chains, international trade and global governance. He was the Chief Economist at the World Trade Organization (WTO) since its creation in 1995, having previously worked at the GATT Secretariat, from 1980 to 1987. After joining the WTO, he worked on trade in services for two years before his appointment as Chief Economist in 1997. From 1999 to 2000 he served as WTO Director-General Mike Moore's Chief of Staff, after that he returned to his previous post of Chief Economist. From 1990 to 1994 he worked as a senior economist in the World Bank's research complex (International Trade Division). His main areas of research at the Bank were trade policy, trade and the environment, fiscal policy and customs reform. Patrick is also an Adjunct Professor of International Economics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. He holds a BA in Economics from the University of Kent and a PhD in Economics from Sussex University, both in the UK, and has written widely on a range of trade policy issues. Currently he is also an Adjunct Professor of International Economics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. He holds a PhD in economics from Sussex University in the United Kingdom, and has written widely on a range of trade policy issues.

Image Unavailable Mr. John Whalley is Professor of Economics at the University of Western Ontario. His research interests cover General Equilibrium, Trade, Public Finance, Taxes, China and the Asian Economies; Environmental Economics (Climate Change). He authored and co-authored numerous texts on various issues related to trade and economies and his representative publications include Resist Green Protectionism- or Pay the Price at Copenhagen (with Simon J. Evenett) (2009), Goods Market Responses to Trade Shocks and Trade and Wages Decomposition, (2003), Discreteness and the Welfare Cost of Labour Supply Tax Distortions (2003), and The Problem of Capital Flight from Russia (1999). He is also director of the Centre of International Economic Relations (CSIER) and distinguished fellow of Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). He won Hullumuth Prize for Achievement in Research and Killiam Prize in 2012. He obtained Ph.D. from Yale University in 1973.

Trade Negotiations

Image Unavailable Mr. Inkyo Cheong is Professor of Economics at Inha University, Incheon. He also serves as Director of the Jungseok Institute for International Logistics and Trade, Inha University, following the Head of FTA Research Center (2010-2013), and President of Korea’s International Trade Economist Association (2010). He had been Research Fellow for eight years (1996-2004) in the Korean Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP). He had been instrumental in establishing the groundwork for Korea’s FTA policy, and has been actively involved as a member of Korea’s negotiation team and advisor in negotiating Korea's FTAs with Chile, Singapore, ASEAN, US, EU, Japan, Mercosur and others. Based his experience and knowledge, he opened the graduate school of FTAs at the Inha University in the fall semester 2013. This program has been financially supported by the Korea’s Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.

He was awarded with several prizes due his research performances; Recent ones are Korea President’s Award for the studies of trade policy in March 2011, the Prize of the Best Research from the Northeast Research Foundation in June 2008, the Best Research Prize from Inha University in January 2007, and the Grand Prize for the Best Publication on Market Economy from the Federation of Korean Industries in October 2006. He published 45 books (book chapters) on FTA, APEC, and East Asian economic cooperation, and 55 papers in academic journals.

Image Unavailable Mr. Henry Gao is Associate Professor of Law at Singapore Management University School of Law. His research areas include WTO, International Trade Law, Chinese Law and Law and Economics. He obtained J.D degree from Vanderbilt University in 2002. He worked in Geneva as the lawyer at the WTO Secretariat and was an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong (HKU), where he also served as the Deputy Director of the East Asian International Economic Law and Policy (EAIEL) Program, the flagship program for WTO-related activities at HKU.

He is a member of Advisory Board of WTO Chairs Programme, WTO Secretariat, a member of the E15 Initiative, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development IICTSD) and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and a lecturer of Training course on Trade and Investment Integration. Previously, he served as a consultant at the World Bank. Currently, he is working on the projects including Institutional Reform of the WTO as well as China and WTO, especially China’s Free Trade Agreements Strategy and China’s Participation in WTO Dispute Settlement.

Image Unavailable Ms. Apiradi Tantraporn was appointed as the Minister of Commerce in Thailand in August 2015. After retiring from a post of the General Director of Foreign Trade Department, Mrs. Tantraporn was an Executive President, International Institute for Asia Pacific Studies (INSAPS) at the Bangkok University. She was posted to Geneva first as a Counselor (1985-1989), Minister (1995-1997) and Ambassador to the WTO (1999-2002). She was involved in and appointed as chief negotiator of Thailand in various bilateral and multilateral negotiations. She was Senior Economic Officer in ASEAN SEOM and APEC and thus was involved in AFTA, CEPT and AEC negotiations. She holds Master’s Degree in Business Administration and Bachelor’s degree at Thammasat University and a Master Degree in International Trade from Syracuse University, USA.

Trade in Services, Investment and Competition

Image Unavailable Mr. Simon Evenett is Professor of International Trade and Economic Development at the University of St. Gallen and Co-Director of the CEPR Programme in International Trade and Regional Economics. Evenett coordinates the Global Trade Alert initiative. Evenett taught previously at Oxford and Rutgers University, and served twice as a World Bank official. He was a non-resident Senior Fellow of the Brookings Institution in Washington. He is Member of the High Level Group on Globalization established by the French Trade Minister Christine LaGarde, Member of the Warwick Commission on the Future of the Multilateral Trading System after Doha, and was Member of the Zedillo Committee on the Global Trade and Financial Architecture. In addition to his research into the determinants of international commercial flows, he is particularly interested in the relationships between international trade policy, national competition law and policy, and economic development. He obtained his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University and B.A in Economics from the University of Cambridge.

Image Unavailable Mr. Christopher Findlay is Executive Dean of Faculty of the Professions at University of Adelaide. He was formerly Head of the School of economics at University of Adelaide and Professor of Economics in the Asia Pacific School of Economics and Management at the Australian National University. His research covers Australia’s economics relations with Asia and special interest includes the reform and industrialization of the Chinese economy. Professor Findlay has been especially involved in research on the textiles, steel and air transport in East Asia and on the implications of developments in those industries for Australia. Professor Findlay was a principal researcher in a major research program on impediments to services trade and investment.

At the Australian National University, Professor Findlay was responsible for graduate teaching and research in the fields of infrastructure management and regional economic cooperation. Professor Findlay is the Chair (from 1998) of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council’s Coordinating Group and is also Vice-Chair of the Australian Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation. He holds a Phd and MEc from the Australian National University and an Honors degree in Economics from the University of Adelaide.

Image Unavailable Mr. Pierre Sauvé is Director of Programme Development and Faculty Member at the World Trade Institute, University of Bern. He also serves as an academic advisor and as a faculty member of the University of Barcelona’s LLM programme in international economic law and policy and is a Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, in Bruges, Belgium. He has held visiting professor appointments at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques’ (Sciences-Po) in Paris, France, and the London School of Economics and Political Science. He served as a senior economist in the OECD Trade Directorate from 1993–2002, a period during which he was a faculty member of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and was appointed non-resident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. Prior to joining the OECD, he served as services negotiator within the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade's Office of North American Free Trade Negotiations. He was previously a staff member of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in Geneva, Switzerland as well as the Bank for International Settlements, in Basle, Switzerland. Mr. Sauvé was educated in economics and international relations at the Université du Québec à Montreal and Carleton University in Canada, as well as at Cambridge and Oxford universities. He currently serves on the Scientific Committee of the Swiss network for International Studies and on the Advisory Board of the WTO Academic Chairs programme.

Trade Facilitation

Image Unavailable Mr. Florian Alburo is President of the Center for the Advancement of Trade Integration and Facilitation (CATIF); Professorial Lecturer of Economics; University of the Philippines in Diliman, Quezon City; Team Leader European Union Trade-Related Technical Assistance Project; Fellow, Center for Internet Studies, Institute for International Policy at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington U.S.A.; and Advisor on Trade Facilitation of the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) in Thailand. He has over two decades professional and managerial experience on international trade and finance, investment and development policy administration as senior government policy maker, project director of programs and projects, leader of consulting teams, and independent consultant to international organizations and private sector. His previous experiences include Deputy Minister of Socio-Economic Planning and Deputy Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority; Trade Specialist of the Greater-Mekong Sub-Region of Asian Development Bank; Panel Member Pacific Economic Outlook, Pacific Economic Cooperation Council; Team Leader, Development Alternatives, Inc., Team Leader, United Nations Development Program; and many others. Dr. Alburo has written in professional journals, opinion pages of newspapers, and edited publications, singly, or in collaboration with economists, sociologists, other social scientists. He has over 100 papers and publications, received grants, awards including Outstanding Publication from the National Academy of Science and Technology, travel and study grants from foundations, and was a candidate in the World Bank’s Young Professional Program. He has Ph.D. and M.A. in Economics.

Image Unavailable Mr. Prabir De is Professor at the Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS). He is also the Coordinator of ASEAN-India Centre (AIC) at RIS. De works in the field of international economics and has research interests in international trade and development. He was a visiting Fellow of the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), Tokyo; and visiting Senior Fellow of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), Bangkok. He has been conducting policy research for the Government of India and several international organizations. De has a Ph.D. in Economics from the Jadavpur University, Calcutta. He has contributed several research papers in international journals and written books on trade and development. He is the managing editor of South Asia Economic Journal, published by Sage.

Image Unavailable Ms. Evdokia Moise is senior trade policy analyst in the Trade Liberalization and Regulatory Issues Division of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Trade and Agriculture Directorate in Paris. She is responsible for the OECD work in the area of trade facilitation and for regulatory issues affecting market openness and trade. She has joined the OECD in 1990 and has worked on a variety of international trade policy issues in support of WTO discussions and negotiations, including trade and environment, intellectual property protection, regional trade agreements, or technical barriers to trade. Before joining the OECD she worked in a private law firm in Athens. She holds a Masters of Law Degree from the University of Athens and a DEA of International Law from Paris II University.

In the context of her work on trade facilitation she has identified and analyzed good governance practices adopted by OECD and non-OECD countries in implementing trade facilitation and conducted an assessment of costs and challenges incurred by developing countries in implementing trade facilitation measures under negotiation. She has organized a number of OECD policy-dialogue-type conferences on trade facilitation and participated in WTO technical assistance workshops in developing countries.

Modelling for Trade Policy Analysis

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Mr. Arne Geschke is Postdoctoral Fellow in the Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA) team working on global environmental assessment, identification and quantification of the social impacts of international trade, and input-output analysis. Arne studied Industrial Mathematics in Hamburg, Germany and Bath, UK. After he finished his studies he worked in the car industry in Germany developing mathematical models to simulate engine behaviour.

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Mr. John Gilbert is Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics and Finance, Jon M. Huntsman School of Business at Utah State University. He received his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Auckland in 1998. He His area of research and teaching specialization is international economics, and he has published extensively in both international trade theory and international trade policy. He has worked on many international projects for institutions including the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the United Nations Commission for Trade and Development, and the Peterson Institute for International Economics, and is an advisor to ARTNeT, a collaborative capacity-building project between UNESCAP and the WTO. Much of his policy work has involved trade policy simulation using computable general equilibrium methods. In addition to his research work on international trade theory and policy, he has written and published extensively in the area of economics education.

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Mr. Badri Narayanan is Research Fellow, School of Environment and Forestry Sciences, University of Washington, Consulting Economist with McKinsey Global Institute and Co-Founder and partner, Infinite-Sum Modelling, Inc., based in Seattle. He has worked at the Center for Global Trade Analysis, Purdue University on the construction of GTAP database, its documentation, teaching in the courses and conducting research on various economic issues, particularly on international trade and industry-related issues using CGE and econometric models. His other areas of interests include Labour Economics, Productivity Analysis, Demand Analysis and Environmental Economics. He holds a PhD from IGIDR (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research), Mumbai.

Prior to joining the Center, Badri was with ICRIER (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations), New Delhi, as a Fellow, where he conducted a field-based study on the Indian Auto Industry for the Government of India and co-ordinated few other research projects in the areas of industry and finance. He was a Teaching Assistant in environmental economics and econometrics to the graduate students at IGIDR and was a part of the IGIDR team involved in some research projects for the Government of India.

He has many publications in national and peer-reviewed international journals and books. He has also presented many of his research papers in national and international conferences.

Modelling for Sustainable Development

Image Unavailable Mr. Manfred Lenzen is Professor of Sustainability Research at Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA) in the School of Physics at the University of Sydney. Manfred has a PhD in Nuclear Physics and 15 years of experience in renewable energy technologies. He has undertaken extensive experimental research on passive solar architecture. He is an international leader in economic Input-Output Analysis and Life-Cycle Assessment, is Associate Editor for the Journal of Industrial Ecology, and is the Editor-in-Chief of the journal Economic Systems Research. He has contributed major methodological advances as well as numerous applications, in particular on embodied energy and greenhouse gas emissions. His research interests are Nuclear Physics; renewable energy technologies; passive solar architecture; economic Input-Output Analysis and Life-Cycle Assessment; embodied energy and greenhouse gas emissions.

Trade in Agricultural Goods and Food Security

Image Unavailable Mr. Biswajit Dhar is Professor, Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India after the Research and Information System for Developing Countries in New Delhi, India heading as the Director General for five years. Prior to this post he was the Professor and Head of the Centre for WTO Studies in the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi. He has been involved in trade policy issues, particularly in the context of the multilateral trading system, both as a researcher and a policy adviser to the Government of India. He has been a member of the Indian delegation to the Ministerial Conferences of the World Trade Organization. He has also served on expert panels set up by the Ministry of Statistics, Department of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Environment and Forests. Dr. Dhar has been working extensively with a number of intergovernmental organizations including UNDP, UNESCAP, FAO, and UNCTAD, taking up issues related to the functioning of the global trading system. He authored and co-authored numerous texts on various issues related to trade and development.

Global Value Chains

Image Unavailable Mr. Javier Lopez Gonzalez currently works as a Trade Policy Analyst, Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD. He has also worked as a consultant for EU Commission (DG Trade); the ILO (International Labor Organization); UNCTAD; the World Bank; BERR (BIS); the ECOWAS Secretariat; the Commonwealth Secretariat; FEMISE; and the WTI (World Trade Institute). Dr. Gonzalez has over 10 years of experience in trade policy research, his work has particularly focused on the impacts of trade agreements and the rise of global value chains. In this field Dr. Gonzalez has recently co-authored papers identifying: i) global patterns of supply chain trade; ii) the implications of GVC participation for developing countries; iii) the links between GVC participation and wage inequality; and iv) how to make the most out of participation in GVCs in ASEAN. He is now working on identifying how GVCs can offer new opportunities for SMEs by identifying the determinants of domestic linkages between SMEs and larger exporting firms. Dr. Gonzalez is also involved in work related to digital trade. He has investigated the economic impact of data localization policies on GVC activity and is now working on developing a framework for the measurement and analysis of digital trade.

Image Unavailable Mr. Biswajit Nag is Professor of Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT). His area of specialization covers Industrial Economics, Applied Econometrics, and International Trade and Finance. Previously, he worked in the Tenth Finance Commission of India in 1994 as Economic Investigator and as Research Fellow at the Indian Institution of Foreign Trade, New Dehli in 1998. He also served the Poverty and Development Division of UNESCAP during 2003-2004. He has written widely on a range of trade and economic issues. Some of his recent publications include The Sustainability of trade deficits in the presence of endogenous structural breaks: Evidence from the Indian economy (co-authored), Emerging Paradigms in India-ASEAN Relations (co-authored), and India-ASEAN FTA: Can it fulfill India’s “Look East” Dream? He holds Ph.D. in Economics and PG Diploma in Financial Management.

Intellectual Property Rights

Image Unavailable Mr. Peter N. Fowler is Senior Counsel for Enforcement in the Office of the Administrator for Policy and External Affairs at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). He joined the USPTO in 1995 as an Attorney-Advisor in the Office of Legislative and International Affairs, working on international and domestic copyright policy matters. From 1995-1998, he served as facilitator of the Conference on Fair Use, and from 1998-2002,he served variously as Executive Assistant to the Assistant Secretary and Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks, as Chief of Staff to the Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and as Counsel. Mr. Fowler has participated in numerous U.S. trade negotiations including Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) and the current Transpacific Partnership Agreement. He has regularly participated as a technical advisor to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative on the APEC IP Experts Group and the U.S.-Japan Regulatory Reform and Competition Policy Initiative, now Economic Harmonization Initiative. In addition to his policy role, Mr. Fowler has organized and conducted technical assistance, training and capacity-building in IP policy and enforcement, particularly in the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

Image Unavailable Ms. Say Sujintaya co-leads the Firm’s Intellectual Property Practice Group in Thailand and serves as a member of the Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Practice Group. Her primary areas of practice include infringement and anti-counterfeiting matters. She is also actively engaged in lobbying/public policy work. She joined Baker & McKenzie’s Bangkok office in 1986. She left the firm in 1990 and rejoined as a partner in June 2001. She routinely advises clients on matters involving trademarks, copyrights and patents, as well as all aspects of IP-related litigation. Ms. Sujintaya is also actively engaged in matters involving enforcement against counterfeit drugs and look-alikes, as well as the protection of trade secrets, among others. She headed the tam that successfully obtained the very first Anton Piller Order ever issued by the Central Intellectual Property and International Trade Court, on behalf of three well-known apparel companies. Also, she successfully negotiated with the Thai government on behalf of a multinational pharmaceutical company to prevent the issuance of a compulsory license for a pharmaceutical patent for an anti-viral drug.

Trade and Labour Issues

Image Unavailable Mr. Alberto Posso is Associate Professor of Economics at the School of Economics, Finance and Marketing, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University in Melbourne. Alberto Posso is an experienced academic researcher, and an expert on issues of trade and development. He has published numerous journal articles addressing topics including labour, international trade, finance, inequality, and political economy, with the aim of formulating evidence-based economic and social policy recommendations through sound economic and quantitative analysis.