Databases

ARTNeT acts as an information repository providing a linkage to international organizations such as the International Trade Centre, UNCTAD, and the WTO, which in turn facilitate researchers' access to trade data and trade analysis tools. ARTNeT also builds trade research capacity through facilitating access to relevant trade and investment related databases. In addition to the ARTNeT Trade Publications Database, ARTNeT supports the development of the Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Agreement Database (APTIAD).

ESCAP-World Bank Trade Cost Database

The ESCAP Trade and Investment Division, in support to the ARTNeT research programme on trade facilitation, initiated development of a bilateral trade cost database in 2010 in an effort to increase understanding of the cost of trading between countries in Asia and the Pacific and beyond. The trade cost measure, based on Novy (2012), is a comprehensive all-inclusive measure based on micro-theory and calculated using macro-economic data, providing an alternative measure of trade facilitation performance. Following release of a first version of the database in 2010 using trade and GDP data, [1] an improved and expanded version 2 was released in December 2011 - based on gross output data and providing sectoral trade cost estimates for about 100 countries.[2]

In late 2011, United Nations ESCAP and the World Bank (WB) joined hands to develop a common standard methodology for calculating comprehensive international trade costs and provide the research and policy community with a global reference. The resulting ESCAP-World Bank Trade Cost Database issued in December 2012 covered 178 countries.[3] The current version includes data from 1995 to 2013 for over 180 countries.

Note: Earlier versions of the databases are available upon request to the authors.

Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Agreement Database - APTIAD

An online database of trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region. The database contains information on all agreements within the region, an agreement-country matrix, and an advanced search engine allowing to locate agreements by country, agreement name, status, scope, WTO notification status, and keywords.

International Supply Chain Connectivity Database

An international supply chain involves, in its simplest form, moving goods from a production facility in one country to a warehouse or distribution center in another country. In a regional and global production network context, facilitating trade for a given country involves not only facilitating movement of final goods from factory to the port, but (1) facilitating import of parts and components and their movement to a production facility, as well as (2) facilitating export of the processed good from the production facility to the port. Taking into account that around 80% of international trade still takes place via seaports, a country’s participation in international supply chains therefore depends not only on the efficiency of the procedures associated with moving goods from (to) factory to (from) the port but also on how well that port is connected to other countries.

The ESCAP International Supply Chain Connectivity (ISCC) Index is developed to measure the overall trade facilitation performance of a country along the international supply chain. ISCC is based on the trading across border (TAB) indicators from the World Bank Doing Business Report and the Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI) of UNCTAD. The Index provides an overall performance score for a particular country based on its performance in terms of (1) TAB underlying import indicators (i.e. number of documents, time, and cost involved in import); (2) TAB underlying export indicators (i.e. number of documents, time, and cost involved in export); and (3) the UNCTAD LSCI score. Equal weight (one third) is given to import, export and liner shipping performance for non-landlocked countries. The current version of this database includes the data from 2006-2013 for 177 countries.

Gravity Modeling Tool

This initiative is designed to more closely integrate the research capacity building and research programme implementation objectives and activities of ARTNeT, particularly under ARTNeT priority Theme 1 (trade, investment and domestic policy coherence for inclusive growth). It includes regional technical research workshops, support for research studies to apply techniques learned, development of related research facilitation tools, and support for dissemination of policy relevant results. More information on ARTNeT Gravity Modeling Initiative.