The world is experiencing a rapid demographic transition towards an ageing population. In particular, North-East Asia is home to around one third of all older persons aged 65 and above in the world. While rising life expectancy is one of humanity’s major achievements, population ageing presents unprecedented economic and social challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic further changes the socio-economic life of older persons, poses a high risk to their health and well-being, and impedes their ability to stay active and socially connected.
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In view of the rapid digital transformation and digital divide, the importance of diversity and inclusion is magnified in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. In particular, the existing underrepresentation of women in the technology industry, which may marginalize women in the future of work, warrants special attention. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought a disproportionate impact on women and exacerbated gender inequality embedded in the social structure.