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Frontiers of Inclusive Innovation: Formulating technology and innovation policies that leave no one behind
Science, technology and innovation (STI) can increase the efficiency, effectiveness and impact of efforts to meet the ambitions of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The successful adoption of existing innovations has enabled many economies to sustain economic growth. Innovation can expand access to education and health-care services. Technologies, such as those supporting renewable energy, are also providing options for more environmentally sustainable development paths.
The world is experiencing a rapid demographic transition towards an ageing population. In particular, North-East Asia is home to around one third of all older persons aged 65 and above in the world. While rising life expectancy is one of humanity’s major achievements, population ageing presents unprecedented economic and social challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic further changes the socio-economic life of older persons, poses a high risk to their health and well-being, and impedes their ability to stay active and socially connected.
In view of the rapid digital transformation and digital divide, the importance of diversity and inclusion is magnified in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. In particular, the existing underrepresentation of women in the technology industry, which may marginalize women in the future of work, warrants special attention. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought a disproportionate impact on women and exacerbated gender inequality embedded in the social structure.