Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.
Skip to main content

In Preparation for WTO MC12: Safeguarding Trade Interests of LDCs and Securing Trade Interests of Graduating LDCs

This publication was prepared in order to respond to several of the LDC members of ESCAP and to assist them in preparing to position their trade-related development interests through the upcoming MC12. Considering the state of affairs in the global economy and the weakening confidence in the multilateral solutions, the present publication focuses on four issues. First, it presents some of the key developments that form the global scenario and which have important implications for the LDCs as they prepare their stance for the next Ministerial Conference.

Sustainable Development Provisions in Investment Treaties

Foreign investment has been and still is an important factor for the economic development of many countries, especially developing countries. Transnational investment activities bring about the needed capital and technology to the host states, but they may also give rise to sustainable development concerns, such as environmental and labour rights concerns. To many developing countries, such concerns could be particularly profound. 

Handbook on Negotiating Sustainable Development Provisions in Preferential Trade Agreements

A proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs)  has been witnessed across the world but also in the Asia-Pacific region, which has contributed to its trade-driven growth. Indeed, over the last three decades,  the Asia-Pacific region has experienced export-oriented development, with economic growth closely linked to a reduction in poverty levels. This has increasingly occurred through improved integration into regional and global value and supply chains, which has been central to Asian growth.

A Handbook on Safeguard Rules for Least Developed Countries

Article XIX of GATT (Emergency Action) and the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (1994) allow member States to take safeguard measures to protect domestic producers from serious injury caused by increased imports. These measures can be in the form of an import duty exceeding the bound rate, import quotas (where allowed) or a combination of both as Tariff Rate Quotas.  The measures can only be applied for a limited duration, initially lasting for up to four years, and can be extended to a maximum of eight years (10 years in the case of developing countries, including a least developed country) from the date of their initial imposition.

A Handbook on Negotiating Development Oriented Intellectual Property Provisions in Trade and Investment Agreements

The drafting of the Handbook on negotiating development oriented intellectual property provisions in trade and investment agreements (Handbook here forth) was guided by the objective of supporting Asia and the Pacific economies in reaching successful and sustainable outcomes in trade agreement negotiations that involve intellectual property. To accomplish this objective, this Handbook first introduces the multilateral intellectual property system and explains the trends for additional intellectual property protection in international trade and investment agreements.

Trade integration within ASEAN: The role of non-tariff measures for Cambodia, the Lao People`s Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Viet Nam

In 2014, the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) decided to launch and finance a research and capacity-building project on economic integration within ASEAN. More specifically, the project was aimed at dealing with the specific problems that the four less prosperous countries of ASEAN (i.e., Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Viet Nam, collectively known as the CLMV group) would have to cope with in the context of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), which was to be fully realized by the end of 2015.

Analytical Approaches to Evaluating Preferential Trade Agreements

Among the most notable recent developments in the trading environment of the Asia-Pacific region has been the proliferation of preferential trading arrangements (PTAs). Many of the agreements are bilateral, involving small, developing Asia-Pacific economies partnering with other similar economies, and in some cases with the major economic powerhouses (Japan, United States, and China). A number of very large trade agreements, involving multiple economies in the region, are also under consideration.

The Gravity Model of International Trade: A User Guide (An updated version)

The gravity model is the workhorse of the applied international trade literature. It has been used in literally thousands of research papers and published articles covering all areas of trade. It is of particular interest to policy researchers because it makes it possible to estimate the trade impacts of various trade-related policies, from traditional tariffs to new “behind-the-border” measures.

Exploring the Trade Patterns and Developmental Implications of Land Concessions: The Case of Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Thailand

This report deals with land concessions in Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Thailand – a much contended topic which leads discussants from issues such as land ownership and utilization to social structures, human rights and beyond. Overall, this report aims to examine changes in relative competitiveness in selected tradable commodities of Thailand and whether they are impacted through increases of land concession in selected countries in the subregion.