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Trade Performance and Competitiveness: Selected Issues Relevant for Asian Developing Economies

Structural transformation, economic diversification and logistics are some of the issues explored in this new book from the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT). The volume's essays use various methodologies to provide new perspectives on the region's growth and prospects. Individual chapter's focus on: trade policy in Nepal; logistics in Bangladesh and Thailand; Sri Lankan exports; and SMEs in Cambodia.


A Handbook on Negotiating Preferential Trade Agreements: Services Liberalization

The handbook is a practical introduction to preparing to negotiate preferential trade agreements. It is aimed particularly at those who may not have extensive negotiating experience, and it seeks to explain the main steps needed to arrive at an agreement, make it enter into force and monitor its implementation. One special value of this handbook is in its coverage of the preparatory stages for negotiations.



Fighting Irrelevance: The Role of Regional Trade Agreements in International Production Networks in Asia

Numerous academic and policy papers as well as seminar and conference materials have been dedicated to either regional trade agreements or international production networks, yet only a few studies have addressed the linkages between these two important areas of economic integration. This study, “Fighting Irrelevance: Regional Trade Agreements and International Production Networks in Asia”, provides new evidence from selected sectors of some of the Asian economies that contributes towards closing this gap.


Service Sector Reforms: Asia-Pacific Perspectives

Gaining a better understanding of the service economy and its linkages to other key sectors; identifying the types of policies that can sustain the development of a knowledge-based economy; developing the analytical tools and proper metrics with which to gauge with greater precision the impacts of service sector reforms, policies and trade policy commitments on the growth and development of nations and how such spoils are divided among citizens; and enhancing the service sector data upon which sound policy decisions must ultimately rest; are all centrally important elements to countries’ lo


India: A New Player in Asian Production Networks?

Asian international production networks (IPNs) started by the changes of MNCs’ strategies on international fragmentation of production in responding to rapid globalization, technology changes, and increasingly ope n trade and investment environments in Asian countries in the 1980s. The phenomenon was fuelled in the 1990s by the opening of China which ha s emerged as a global centre for manufacturing assembly. Currently, the grow ing IPNs have a significant impact on merchandise trade patterns and regional integration among Asian economies.


The Development Impact of Information Technology in Trade Facilitation

It is almost taken as a matter of definition that information technology (IT) is an integral part of trade facilitation (TF), the objective of which is to expedite the movement, clearance and release of goods, including goods in transit. Yet, for many developing and least developed countries, IT remains a distant but desirable goal. Although there are many and varied reasons behind this situation, it is not the purpose of this chapter to lay them out. However, there appears to be some confusion regarding IT in TF.


Rising Non-tariff Protectionism and Crisis Recovery

During 2009, the Asian - Pacific economies witnessed the collapse of trade unprecedented in modern economic history. This collapse has been combined with contractions in production and rising unemployment in almost all economies. In their efforts to address these serious challenges, policymakers in many countries opted to use trade restrictions, often but not always, in line with the flexibility left by the multilateral trading rules on the use of contingent measures.


Trade Statistics in Policymaking - A Handbook of Commonly Used Trade Indices and Indicators (Revised Edition)

This reference material is a compilation of work associated with tracking and analyzing regional trade flows and regionalism processes. This work has been pursued by the Trade Policy Section of the Trade and Investment Division within the mandate given by ESCAP member States. It provides comprehensive explanations of most of the indicators featured in the Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Agreements Database (APTIAD).


Towards Coherent Policy Frameworks: Understanding Trade and Investment Linkage

Regional economic integration has been an important trend of the 1990s, led by the concept of a single European market created by the European Union in 1992 and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994. These Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) pursued a deeper type of integration covering preferential free trading arrangements complemented by investment liberalization across the region. The level of economic integration was progressively deepened, and coverage of RTAs expanded over time.